AmeliCA is a project born in South America, started almost at the same time as Plan S (end of 2018); for these reasons the two initiatives often appear compared, even in the official announcement of AmeliCA itself.
The stated objective of both initiatives is to transform Open Access into an effective reality. However, the different historical and cultural environments in which they have been realized must not be ignored, although they both have a global aspiration.
Indeed, Plan S is born in a context in which the use of scientific content is entrusted to commercial systems, based on the relationship between publishers and institutions. The initiative therefore appears to be strongly oriented to regulate agreements and to establish a limit to the costs that institutions are forced to pay.
The Plan S first principle focuses on the author and her/his own need to retain the rights regarding her/his work.
Because of its history and culture, AmeliCA is oriented towards a commitment among universities, as in Latin America there is a non-commercial structure in which scientific publications belong to the academic institutions and not to major publishers.
For this reason, the first principle of AmeliCA starts from the scientific publication itself and develops its objectives around it.
As announced on the official website of the initiative, the main objectives of AmeliCA are the following:
- “The construction of a community-driven multi-institutional platform for the developing of technology and knowledge generation, in order to consolidate a collaborative, sustainable and non-commercial Open Access.
- Support scientific publications that contribute to the benefit of society and the development of science.
- Strengthen scientific editorial work and its actors in the Global South, especially in Social Sciences and Humanities.
- Contribute to the non-subordinated integration of this region in the global dialogue of scientific communication”.
More information on the AmeliCA website.